We have prepared the following discussion and analysis to help readers better understand our financial condition, changes in our financial condition and results of operations for the year ended
Overview Our business consists primarily of the production and sale of ethanol and its co-products (wet, modified wet and dried distillers' grains, corn oil and corn syrup) locally, and throughout the continental
U.S.Our production operations are carried out at GFE's plant located in Granite Falls, Minnesotaand HLBE's ethanol plant near Heron Lake, Minnesota.
The GFE plant has an annual production capacity of approximately 63 million gallons of denatured ethanol, but is currently licensed to produce up to 70 million gallons of undenatured ethanol on a rolling twelve month basis.
HLBE plant has an approximate annual production capacity of 65 million gallons of denatured ethanol, but is currently permitted production capacity to produce approximately 72 million gallons of undenatured ethanol on a twelve-month rolling sum basis. We intend to continue working toward increasing production to take advantage of the additional production allowed pursuant to our permits as long as we believe it is profitable to do so.
HLBE also holds a 100% interest in Agrinatural, which is a natural gas distribution and sales company located in
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Plan of operations up to
During the twelve months ended
October 31, 2021, the Company and the ethanol industry as a whole benefited from improved market conditions, as the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic subsided and demand for transportation fuel rebounded. Due to the reduction in demand for transportation fuel, the ethanol industry experienced record-low ethanol prices in 2020, and we experienced prolonged negative operating margins, significantly lower cash flow from operations and substantial net losses. Economists estimated the ethanol industry suffered $8 billionin losses in 2020 due, in large part, to the effects of the pandemic, according to the Journal of Agriculturaland Food Industrial Organization. In the 2021 fiscal year, the Company experienced increased market prices for our principal prices and improved profitability, as compared to the fiscal year ended October 31, 2020. However, the pandemic is ongoing and various dynamic factors, including the spread of new coronavirus variants, make it difficult to forecast the long-term effects of the pandemic on our industry as a whole and our Company specifically. Further, tangential effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including supply chain bottlenecks, labor market volatility, and price increases of raw materials may adversely affect our operations and profitability. It is possible that even after the pandemic subsides, there will be permanent changes to social and economic patterns that will reduce demand for ethanol. For example, increased adoption of "work from home" policies or tele-commuting, and the use virtual meetings, may permanently reduce business travel and thereby reduce the demand for transportation fuel, including the ethanol we produce. Over the next year, we will continue our focus on operational improvements at our plants. These operational improvements include exploring methods to improve ethanol yield per bushel and increasing production output at our plants, continued emphasis on safety and environmental regulation, reducing our operating costs, and optimizing our margin opportunities through prudent risk-management policies. In addition, we expect to continue to conduct routine maintenance and repair activities at the ethanol plants to maintain current plant infrastructure, as well as some small capital projects to improve operating efficiency. We anticipate using cash we generate from our operations and our credit facilities for each plant to finance these plant upgrade projects.
Trends and uncertainties affecting our operations
The primary factors affecting our operating results and financial conditions are market prices for corn, ethanol, distillers grains and natural gas, as well as government programs designed to create incentives for the use of corn-based ethanol.
Our operations are highly dependent on commodity prices, especially prices for corn, ethanol, distillers' grains and natural gas. As a result, our operating results can fluctuate substantially due to volatility in these commodity markets. The price and availability of corn is subject to significant fluctuations depending upon a number of factors that affect commodity prices in general, including crop conditions, yields, domestic and global stocks, weather, federal policy and foreign trade. Natural gas prices are influenced by severe weather in the summer and winter and hurricanes in the spring, summer and fall. Other factors include North American exploration and production, and the amount of natural gas in underground storage during injection and withdrawal seasons. Ethanol prices are sensitive to world crude oil supply and demand, domestic gasoline supply and demand, the price of crude oil, gasoline and corn, the price of substitute fuels and octane enhancers, refining capacity and utilization, government regulation and incentives and consumer demand for alternative fuels. Distillers' grains prices are impacted by livestock numbers on feed, prices for feed alternatives and supply, which is associated with ethanol plant production. In the ethanol industry, it is generally expected that 2.8 gallons of denatured ethanol will be produced for each bushel of grain processed in the production cycle. Because the market price of ethanol is not always directly related to corn, at times ethanol prices may lag price movements in corn prices and corn-ethanol price spread (the difference between the price per gallon of ethanol and the price per bushel of grain divided by 2.8) may be tightly compressed or negative. If the corn-ethanol spread is compressed or negative for sustained period, it is possible that our operating margins will decline or become negative and our ethanol plants may not generate adequate cash flow for operations. In such cases, we may reduce or cease production at our ethanol plants in order to minimize our variable costs and optimize cash flow.
For the year ended
October 31, 2021, due primarily to the fact that the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic subsided in the fiscal year 2021, resulting in increased demand for transportation fuel, including the ethanol we produce. While demand for transportation fuel has increased, it is possible that new coronavirus variants, additional government lockdowns, or other factors could reduce demand for transportation fuel and thereby decrease the price of the ethanol we produce. Additionally, the continued issuance hardship exemptions from the RVOs may further decrease domestic demand for ethanol. Management believes that the ethanol outlook will remain volatile in the fiscal year 2022. Exports of ethanol decreased slightly in our fiscal year 2021, after increasing slightly each of the previous two fiscal years. Export demand for ethanol is less consistent compared to domestic demand which can lead to ethanol price volatility. The decrease in ethanol exports is due to various factors, including a decrease in trading with Brazil, which had been one of the top two largest importers of U.S.ethanol, due to the expiration of a Brazilian import quota. The USDAprojects that U.S.ethanol exports will increase slightly in 2022 due to both volume and price gains due, in part, to increased renewable fuel blending requirements in the United Kingdom, India, and other nations. On September 1, 2017, Brazil'sChamber of Foreign Trade imposed a 20% tariff on U.S.ethanol imports in excess of 150 million liters, or 39.6 million gallons, per quarter. The tariff was renewed in September 2019, but the import quota was raised to 187.5 million liters, or 49.5 million gallons, per quarter. In December 2020, the import quota expired, thereby subjecting all Brazilian imports of U.S.ethanol to a 20% tariff. These tariffs have had and will likely continue to have a negative impact on the export market demand and prices for ethanol produced in the United States. Any decrease in U.S.ethanol exports could adversely impact the market price of ethanol unless domestic demand increases or additional foreign markets are developed. U.S.ethanol exports to Chinaincreased during the 2021 fiscal year, following the execution of a "phase one" trade agreement with China. The agreement, signed by former President Donald Trumpon January 15, 2020, includes a commitment by Chinato purchase agricultural products, including ethanol, over the course of two years. There is, however, no guarantee that exports of ethanol to Chinawill continue or increase. Additionally, the imposition of tariffs and duties on ethanol imported from the U.S., as well as increased production of ethanol and similar fuels in other countries, can also negatively impact domestic export demand.
Corn prices increased significantly in fiscal year 2021, due in part to the improved domestic economy as well as increased demand from
Chinaand drought in South America'scorn-growing regions. Corn prices remained above $5per bushel for most of the year and peaked above $7per bushel in May 2021. The latest USDAsupply and demand projections estimate the 2020-2021 ending corn stocks at approximately 1.24 billion bushels, and project the 2021-2022 U.S.corn production to be approximately 15.1 billion bushels, which is slightly less than the 2020-2021 production, with corn consumption for ethanol and co-products slightly higher at approximately 5.3 billion bushels, suggesting higher corn prices into fiscal 2022. In fiscal year 2021, Chinasubstantially increased its purchase of U.S.corn reducing U.S.inventories and increasing prices. Increases in domestic ethanol production in fiscal year 2021, also contributed to elevated corn prices. Weather, world supply and demand, current and anticipated stocks, agricultural policy and other factors can contribute to volatility in corn prices. If corn prices rise, it will have a negative effect on our operating margins unless the price of ethanol and our other primary products outpace rising corn prices. Distillers' grain prices increased in 2021 compared to 2020, due to increased supply as a result of increased production. Top export markets include Mexico, Vietnam, South Korea, Indonesia, Turkey, Thailand, and Canada. Export demand from China, historically one of the largest importers of U.S.produced distillers' grains, has significantly declined. In 2017, Chinaimposed significant anti-dumping and anti-subsidies on distillers' grains imported from the U.S.which resulted in significant declines in exports of U.S.distillers' grains to China. The imposition of these duties has resulted in a significant decline in demand from this top importer requiring U.S.producers to seek out alternative markets. Exports to Chinaremain substantially below the pre-tariff export levels, and there is no guarantee that distillers' grains exports to Chinawill return to pre-tariff levels. On January 15, 2020, President Trumpsigned a "phase one" trade agreement with China. The agreement includes a commitment by Chinato purchase agricultural products over the next two years, including distillers' grains. The agreement will also provide U.S.manufacturers of DDGS with a streamlined process for registration and licensing in order to facilitate U.S.exports to China. While this agreement appears positive for the industry, there is no guarantee that the agreement will be fully implemented, nor is there a guarantee that exports to Chinareturn to pre-tariff levels. 24
Management anticipates distillers' grains prices will remain steady during our 2022 fiscal year, unless additional domestic demand or other foreign markets develop. Domestic demand for distillers' grains could remain low if corn prices decline and end-users switch to lower priced alternatives.
Corn oil prices have increased significantly in fiscal 2021, in part due to high corn prices and strong demand for biodiesel and livestock feed.
Given the inherent volatility in ethanol, distillers' grains, non-food grade corn oil, grain and natural gas prices, we cannot predict the likelihood that the spread between ethanol, distillers' grains, non-food grade corn oil and grain prices in future periods will be consistent compared to historical periods. Results of Operations for the Fiscal Years Ended
October 31, 2021and 2020 The following table shows the results of our operations and the percentage of revenues, costs of goods sold, operating expenses and other items to total revenues in our audited consolidated statements of operations for the fiscal years ended October 31, 2021and 2020 (amounts in thousands): Fiscal Year Ended October 31, 2021 2020 Statement of Operations Data Amount % Amount % Revenue $ 309,615100.0 % $ 164,954100.0 % Cost of Goods Sold 282,847 91.4 % 176,031 106.7 % Gross Profit (Loss) 26,768 8.6 % (11,077) (6.7) % Operating Expenses 8,127 2.6 % 8,581 5.2 % Goodwill Impairment - - % 1,372 0.8 % Operating Income (Loss) 18,641 6.0 % (21,030) (12.7) % Other Income, net 7,389 2.4 % 463 0.3 % Net Income (Loss) 26,030 8.4 % (20,567) (12.4) % Less: Net (Income) Loss Attributable to Non-controlling Interest (2,373) (0.8) % 7,289 4.4 % Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Granite Falls Energy, LLC $ 23,6576.7 % $ (13,278)(8.0) % Revenues
Our operating revenues come from three primary sources: fuel ethanol sales, distillers grains sales and corn oil sales. Our remaining consolidated revenues are attributable to various other revenues from by-sales of corn syrup at the HLBE plant and revenues generated from the operation of Agrinatural’s gas pipelines.
The following table shows the sources of our consolidated revenue and the approximate percentage of revenue from those sources to total revenue in our audited Consolidated Statements of Income for the year ended
Fiscal Year Ended October 31, 2021 Revenue Sources Sales Revenue % of Total Revenues Ethanol sales $ 240,875 77.8 % Distillers' grains sales 49,186 15.9 % Corn oil sales 17,148 5.5 % Miscellaneous other 2,406 0.8 % Total Revenues $ 309,615 100.0 % 25 Table of Contents
The following table shows the sources of our consolidated revenue and the approximate percentage of revenue from those sources to total revenue in our audited Consolidated Statements of Income for the year ended
Fiscal Year Ended October 31, 2020 Revenue Sources Sales Revenue % of Total Revenues Ethanol sales $ 126,605 76.8 % Distillers' grains sales 29,673 17.9 % Corn oil sales 6,590 4.0 % Miscellaneous other 2,086 1.3 % Total Revenues $ 164,954 100.0 %
Our total consolidated revenues increased by approximately 87.7% for the year ended
The following table reflects quantities of our three primary products sold and the average net prices received for the fiscal years ended
October 31, 2021and 2020 (quantities in thousands): Fiscal Year Ended October 31, 2021
Quantity Sold Avg. Net Price Quantity Sold Avg. Net Price Product (in thousands) (in thousands) Ethanol (gallons) 126,746 $ 1.90 105,172 $ 1.20 Distillers' grains 288 $ 170.75 240 $ 123.43 (tons) Corn oil (pounds) 35,963 $ 0.48 27,528 $ 0.24 Ethanol Total revenues from sales of ethanol increased by approximately 90.3% for fiscal year 2021 compared to the fiscal year 2020 due primarily to an approximately 20.5% increase in the volumes sold from period to period, coupled with an approximately 58.3% increase in the average price per gallon we received for our ethanol. The increase in price is primarily due to an increase in demand for transportation fuel, including the ethanol we produce, as a result of the larger economic rebound from the COVID-19 pandemic. The increase in the quantity of ethanol sold was due primarily to our increased production in fiscal year 2021 compared to the prior year, due to the fact that we operated our plants throughout the 2021 fiscal year and idled them for a portion of the 2020 fiscal year. Management anticipates steady ethanol production and sales during our 2022 fiscal year, as compared to our 2021 fiscal year. We occasionally engage in hedging activities with respect to our ethanol sales. We recognize the gains or losses that result from the changes in the value of these derivative instruments in revenues as the changes occur. At
October 31, 2021, GFE had fixed and basis contracts for forward ethanol sales for various delivery periods through December 2021valued at approximately $19.6 million, and HLBE had fixed and basis contracts for forward ethanol sales for various delivery periods through December 2021valued at approximately $18.7 million. Separately, ethanol derivative instruments resulted in a gain of approximately $210,000during the fiscal year ended October 31, 2021, and a loss of approximately $350,000during the fiscal year ended October 31, 2020. Distillers' Grains Total revenues from sales of distillers' grains increased approximately 65.8% for fiscal year 2021 compared to fiscal year 2020. The increase in distillers' grains revenues is primarily attributable to an approximately 20.0% increase in the tons of distillers' grains sold during fiscal year 2021 compared to fiscal year 2020, coupled with an approximately 38.3% increase in the average price per ton we received for our distillers' grains from period to period. The increase in the market price of distillers' grains is due to increased demand for livestock feed and higher prices for soybean meal, which is a competitive product to distillers' grains. The increase in total tons of distillers' grains sold during fiscal year 2021 compared to the fiscal year 2020 was due increased production at both plants, as a result of operating the plants year-round in the fiscal year 2021, after the plants for portions of the fiscal year 2020 due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and HLBE's boiler malfunction. Management anticipates steady distillers' grains production during our 2022 fiscal year, as compared to our 2021 fiscal year. 26 Table of Contents At October 31, 2021, GFE had forward contracts to sell approximately $1.3 millionof distillers' grains for delivery through November 2021, and HLBE had forward contracts to sell approximately $1.6 millionof distillers' grains for delivery through December 2021. Corn Oil Separating the corn oil from our distillers' grains decreases the total tons of distillers' grains that we sell; however, our corn oil has a higher per ton value than our distillers' grains. Total revenues from sales of corn oil increased by approximately 160.2% for fiscal year 2021 compared to the fiscal year 2020. This increase is attributable to an approximately 30.6% increase in pounds sold from period to period, coupled with an approximately 100% increase in the average price per pound of corn oil sold from period to period. Management attributes the increase in corn oil prices to increased demand for biodiesel and livestock feed. Management attributes the increase in corn oil sales during fiscal year 2021 as compared to 2020 primarily to increased production at the plants as a result of the GFE plant and HLBE plant being idled during portions of the fiscal year 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and HLBE's boiler malfunction. Although management believes that corn oil prices will remain relatively steady, prices may decrease if there is an oversupply of corn oil production resulting from increased production rates at ethanol plants or if biodiesel producers begin to utilize lower-priced alternatives such as soybean oil or if biodiesel blenders' tax credit is not renewed and biodiesel production declines.
Cost of Goods Sold
Our cost of goods sold increased by approximately 60.7% for the fiscal year ended
October 31, 2021, as compared to the fiscal year ended October 31, 2020. However, cost of goods sold, as a percentage of revenues, decreased to approximately 91.4% for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2021, as compared to approximately 106.7% for the 2020 fiscal year due to an improved margin between the price of ethanol and the price of corn. Approximately 90% of our total costs of goods sold is attributable to ethanol production. As a result, the cost of goods sold per gallon of ethanol produced for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2021was approximately $2.23per gallon of ethanol sold compared to approximately $1.67per gallon of ethanol sold for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2020. The following table shows the costs of corn and natural gas (our two largest single components of costs of goods sold), as well as all other components of cost of goods sold, which includes processing ingredients, depreciation expense, electricity, and wages, salaries and benefits of production personnel, and the approximate percentage of costs of those components to total costs of goods sold in our audited consolidated statements of operations for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2021(amounts in thousands): Fiscal Year Ended October 31, 2021 Cost % of Cost of Goods Sold (in thousands) Corn costs $ 228,483 80.8 % Natural gas costs 12,618 4.5 %
All other components of costs of goods sold 41,746
14.8 % Total Cost of Goods Sold $ 282,847 100.0 % 27 Table of Contents The following table shows the costs of corn, natural gas and all other components of cost of goods sold and the approximate percentage of costs of those components to total costs of goods sold in our audited consolidated statements of operations for the fiscal year ended
October 31, 2020(amounts in thousands): Fiscal Year Ended October 31, 2020 Cost % of Cost of Goods Sold (in thousands) Corn costs $ 126,289 71.8 % Natural gas costs 9,209 5.2 %
All other components of costs of goods sold 40,533
23.0 % Total Cost of Goods Sold $ 176,031 100.0 % Corn Costs Our cost of goods sold related to corn increased approximately 80.9% for our 2021 fiscal year compared to our 2020 fiscal year, due to an approximately 19.1% increase in the number of bushels of corn processed from period to period, coupled with an approximately 51.9% increase in the average price per bushel paid for corn from period to period. The corn-ethanol price spread (the difference between the price per gallon of ethanol and the price per bushel of grain divided by 2.8) for our 2021 fiscal year was
$0.04more than the corn-ethanol price spread we experienced for the same period of 2020. For our fiscal years ended October 31, 2021and 2020, our plants processed approximately 42.2 million and 35.4 million bushels of corn, respectively. This increase in corn consumption was due primarily to the fact that we idled production at our plants in the fiscal year 2020 due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the boiler malfunction at HLBE's plant. Management anticipates steady corn consumption during our 2022 fiscal year compared to our 2021 fiscal year provided that we can achieve operating margins that allow us to continue to operate the ethanol plants at capacity. The increase in our cost per bushel of corn was a result of elevated corn prices caused primarily by export demand, including demand for corn from Chinaand South America. Due to these factors, management anticipates that corn prices will be higher during our 2022 fiscal year. From time to time, we enter into forward purchase contracts for our corn purchases. At October 31, 2021, GFE had forward corn purchase contracts for approximately 4.9 million bushels for deliveries through December 2022and HLBE had forward corn purchase contracts for approximately 3.2 million bushels for deliveries through December 2022. Our corn derivative positions resulted in a loss of approximately $8.2 millionand $2.4 millionfor the fiscal years ended October 31, 2021, and October 31, 2020, respectively, which increased our cost of goods sold. We recognize the gains or losses that result from the changes in the value of our derivative instruments from corn in cost of goods sold as the changes occur. As corn prices fluctuate, the value of our derivative instruments are impacted, which affects our financial performance. We anticipate continued volatility in our cost of goods sold due to the timing of the changes in value of the derivative instruments relative to the cost and use of the commodity being hedged. Natural Gas Costs
For our 2021 fiscal year, we experienced an increase of approximately 37.0% in our overall natural gas costs compared to our 2020 fiscal year. Management attributes the increase in natural gas costs to an increase in production, as we operated out plants throughout the year in the 2021 fiscal year after idling our plants for portions of the 2020 fiscal year. Further, natural gas prices spiked in early 2021 due to severe weather in
Texasand other areas that disrupted the production and transportation of natural gas. Management anticipates higher natural gas prices during the winter months due to the typical seasonal natural gas cost increases experienced during the winter months. Operating Expense
Operating expenses include salaries, wages and benefits of plant administrative employees, insurance, professional fees and similar costs.
Operating expenses as a percentage of revenues decreased to 2.6% of revenues for our fiscal year ended
October 31, 2021compared to 5.2% of revenues for our fiscal year ended October 31, 2020. This 28
decrease is mainly due to a significant increase in revenues and the recognition of approximately
Our efforts to optimize efficiencies and maximize production may result in a decrease in our operating expenses on a per gallon basis. Additionally, because HLBE has de-registered from the
SECand is no longer required to file SECreports as a result of the Merger, we expect our operating expenses related to certain filing fees and regulatory costs to decrease. However, due to inflation, labor shortages, or other unforeseen issues, it is possible that our operating expenses will remain steady or increase during our 2022 fiscal year.
Operating profit (loss)
Our operating margin increased approximately
$39.7 millionduring the past year as we recorded operating income of approximately $18.6 millionin our fiscal year ended October 31, 2021, compared with an operating loss of approximately $21.0 millionin our fiscal year ended October 31, 2020. The increase in our operating income resulted largely from increased prices for all our principal products coupled with increased production at both our plants. Other Income, Net We had net other income for our fiscal year ended October 31, 2021of approximately $7.4 millioncompared to net other income of approximately $463,000for our fiscal year ended October 31, 2020. We had more other income during fiscal year 2021 compared to fiscal year 2020 due in part to an increase in investment income during the 2021 fiscal year, the PPP loan forgiveness income recognized during fiscal year 2021, and the recognition of the MVCPLA patronage capital credit income.
Changes in the financial situation at
The following table presents the evolution of our financial situation as of
October 31, 2021 October 31, 2020 Current Assets $ 64,814 $ 31,715 Total Assets $ 145,137 $ 116,198 Current Liabilities $ 30,024 $ 31,252
Long-Term Debt, less current portion $ 27,621 $
Operating lease, long-term liabilities $ 12,102 $
Other Long-Term Liabilities $ 1,468 $
Members' Equity attributable to
Granite FallsEnergy, LLC $ 73,922 $ 52,112 Non-controlling Interest $ - $ 9,780
Total assets increased by approximately
Total current liabilities decreased by approximately
$1.2 millionat October 31, 2021compared to October 31, 2020. This decrease was mainly due to a decrease in current maturities of long-term debt, which occurred because certain HLBE debt was classified as current as of October 31, 2020, due to loan covenant violations, was reclassified as long-term debt as of October 31, 2021. The decrease in current maturities of long-term debt was partially offset by an increase in accounts payable. Long-term debt, less current portion, totaled approximately $27.6 millionat October 31, 2021, which is approximately $21.7 milliongreater than our long-term debt, less current portion, at October 31, 2020. The increase is primarily due to the execution of the 2021 Credit Facility, which provided loans to finance the acquisition of HLBE's non-controlling interest and to fund continued operations.
Have members attributable to
increased by about
29 Table of Contents
There were no non-controlling interests in the
Cash and capital resources
Our primary sources of liquidity are cash from operations, cash on hand and borrowings available under our credit facility with AgCountry.
principal uses of cash are to purchase raw materials necessary to operate the ethanol plants, capital expenditures to maintain and upgrade our plants, to make debt service payments, and to make distribution payments to our members. We do not currently anticipate any significant purchases of property and equipment that would require us to secure additional capital in the next twelve months. For our 2022 fiscal year, we anticipate completion of several small capital projects to maintain current plant infrastructure and improve operating efficiency. We expect to have sufficient cash generated by continuing operations and availability on our credit facilities and other loans to fund our operations and complete our capital expenditures during our 2022 fiscal year.
However, if adverse operating conditions occur in the ethanol industry that prevent us from operating our plants profitably, we may need to seek additional debt or equity financing or production from ethanol inactivates.
Management continues to assess conditions in the ethanol industry and explore opportunities to improve the efficiency and profitability of our operations, which may require additional capital to supplement cash generated from operations. and our current debt.
Year ended compared
The following table summarizes cash flows for the fiscal years ended
October 31(amounts in thousands): 2021 2020
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
Net cash used in investing activities
Net cash provided by financing activities
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
6 Operating Cash Flows During the fiscal year ended
October 31, 2021, net cash provided by operating activities increased by approximately $20.6 millioncompared to the fiscal year ended October 31, 2020. This increase was due primarily to an approximately $46.6 millionincrease in net income, which was partially offset an approximately $12.7 milliondecrease in accounts receivable, approximately $7.0 milliondecrease in inventory, and an approximately $6.9 milliondecrease in commodity derivative instruments. Investing Cash Flows Cash used in investing activities was approximately $1.6 millionless during fiscal year 2021 as compared to fiscal year 2020. During fiscal year 2021, we used approximately $4.3 millionof cash related capital expenditures at the GFE and HLBE plants. Comparatively, during fiscal year 2020, we used approximately $5.8 millionfor capital expenditures at the GFE and HLBE plants. Financing Cash Flows We were provided with approximately $1.7 millionby financing activities during fiscal year 2021, compared to being provided with approximately $9.5 millionby financing activities during fiscal year 2020. The decrease was primarily attributable to the fact that we used approximately $14.0 millionto acquire the non-controlling interest in fiscal year 2021, compared with using approximately $2.0 millionto acquired non-controlling interest in fiscal year 2020. Additionally, in fiscal year 2021, we had proceeds on long-term debt of approximately $36.2 millionand made payments on long-term debt of approximately $21.0 million, as compared with fiscal year 2020, when we had proceeds on long-term debt of approximately $66.3 millionand made payments of long-term debt of approximately $56.8 million. 30 Table of Contents Credit Arrangements On September 27, 2021, GFE finalized loan documents for an amended credit facility (the "2021 Credit Facility") with AgCountry. CoBank serves as AgCountry's administrative agent for the 2021 Credit Facility. We entered into the 2021 Credit Facility to finance the acquisition of HLBE's non-controlling interest and consolidate certain debts of GFE and HLBE. The loan documents include an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Credit Agreement"), which amends and replaces the Company's credit agreement with AgCountry dated September 27, 2018. As of October 31, 2021, GFE had indebtedness consisting of the following loans and agreements: the Credit Agreement, a $20 millionrevolving credit promissory note, a $500,000amended and restated letter of credit promissory note, a $20 millionamended and restated revolving term promissory note, a $25 millionsingle advance term promissory note, a $2.4 millionsingle advance term promissory note, and the Project Hawkeye credit facility. During the fiscal year 2021, two SBA Paycheck Protection Program loans to HLBE and two SBA Paycheck Protection Program loans to GFE were forgiven in full.
Additional information regarding our credit arrangements is available in Part II – Item 8. Financial Statements, Note 10 – BORROWING FACILITIES, and Note 16 COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES.
Off-balance sheet arrangements
We currently have no off-balance sheet arrangements.
Critical accounting estimates
Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in
the United States of America. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Our significant accounting policies are summarized in Part II - Item 8. Financial Statements, Note 1 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES. 31 Table of Contents
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